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Korean J Hosp Palliat Care 2010; 13(1): 13-23
Job Analysis for Role Identification of General Hospice Palliative Nurse
Boon Han Kim, Ph.D., Sang Ok Choe, M.S.N.*, Bok Yae Chung, Ph.D., Yang Sook Yoo, Ph.D., Hyun Sook Kim, Ph.D.§, Kyung Ah Kang, Ph.D.?, Su Jeong Yu, Ph.D. and Yun Jung, Ph.D.**
Department of Nursing, Medical College, Hanyang University, Seoul, *Hospice Center, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, College of Nursing, Kyungpook University, Daegu, College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, §Department of Social Welfare, Chungju National University, Chungju, ?Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Department of Nursing, Sangji University, Wonju, **Graduate School of Information in Clinical Nursing, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: 강경아
Tel: 02-3399-1585, Fax: 02-3399-1594
Received: November 2, 2009; Revised: November 12, 2009; Accepted: November 18, 2009; Published online: March 1, 2010.
© Korean Society for Hospice and Palliative Care. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Purpose: This study was to identify the role of general hospice palliative nurse through job analysis (duties, task, and task elements). Methods: The sample consisted of 136 nurses or professors who were performing duties related to hospice care areas in Korea. A survey method was used, and the questionnaire included frequencies, criticality, and difficulties of task elements in job description by the DACUM method. Descriptive statistics were performed by using SPSS WIN 17.0. Results: The job description of general hospice palliative nurse was identified 8 duties, 36 tasks, and 137 task elements. As for the 8 duties, the average scores of frequency, criticality, and difficulty were 2.94, 3.66, and 2.80, respectively. The role of ‘pain assessment’ was the most important task element among frequency and criticality. The lowest score at the frequency and criticality were ‘manage public finance’ and ‘collect datum through diagnostic test & lab', respectively. Furthermore, the role of 'identify spiritual needs of patients and family' was the most difficult task, whereas the role of 'manage documents and information' was the least. Conclusion: In this study, we could recognize the reality of general hospice palliative nurse's performances. For general hospice palliative nurse, therefore, concrete practice guide lines of psychosocial and spiritual care, communication skills, and bereavement care with qualifying system are critically needed.
Keywords: Task performance and analysis, Nursing staff, Hospital/organization & administration, Nurse’s role

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