The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care

Factors Influencing Participants’ Spiritual Needs.

Predictors Patients (N=102) Family members (N=88)


Non-standardized coefficients Standardized coefficients (β) P VIF Non-standardized coefficients Standardized coefficients (β) P VIF


B* SE B* SE
Constant 172.341 12.462 - <0.001 - 184.794 11.894 <0.001 -
Age D1 (<50) -2.952 13.484 -0.034 0.827 2.669 -8.313 8.964 -0.143 0.357 2.669
Age D2 (50~59) -.824 7.725 -0.014 0.915 1.881 0.960 8.062 0.015 0.906 1.852
Age D3 (60~69) -3.398 6.791 -0.061 0.618 1.676 - - - - -
Age D4 (≥70) - - - - - 4.244 8.073 0.057 0.601 1.303
Gender D2 (female) -2.783 3.237 -0.105 0.392 1.685 0.548 3.027 0.019 0.857 1.217
Marital status D1 (never) 8.530 11.597 0.106 0.464 2.318 -9.407 8.536 -0.143 0.274 1.883
Marital status D3 (separated/divorced) 6.630 8.044 0.085 0.412 1.195 - - - - -
Marital status D4 (widowed/bereaved) 2.618 7.515 0.038 0.728 1.363 -0.257 11.743 -0.002 0.983 1.351
Education D1(middle school) - - - - - -24.384 7.554 -0.405 0.002 1.766
Education D2 (high school) -4.162 3.042 -0.159 0.175 1.522 -5.805 3.047 -0.228 0.061 1.609
Education D3 (≥university) -2.355 2.814 -0.106 0.405 1.793 - - - - -
Living status D2 (facility) 11.031 11.912 0.091 0.357 1.098 - - - - -
Perception of financial resource as sufficient D2 (no) -11.798 7.342 -0.169 0.112 1.243 - - - - -
Religion D2 (no) -23.650 6.083 -0.453 <0.001 10.526 -8.934 5.350 -0.179 0.099 1.284
The primary spiritual caregiver D1 (family) 7.209 9.446 0.136 0.447 3.561 -15.741 8.691 -0.316 0.074 3.407
The primary spiritual caregiver D2 (healthcare provider) -1.916 10.558 -0.028 0.856 2.690 -15.424 9.183 -0.251 0.097 2.508
The primary spiritual caregiver D3 (clergy) 4.350 10.852 0.061 0.690 2.586 4.016 9.414 0.067 0.671 2.742
Relationship with patient D2 (child) - - - - - -0.523 3.931 -0.020 0.894 2.648
Relationship with patient D3 (friend/neighbor) - - - - - 8.798 7.591 0.113 0.250 1.065
Relationship with patient D4 (other) - - - - - 2.582 2.098 0.157 0.222 1.820
Statistics R2=0.235, Adj R2=0.102 R2=0.357, Adj R2=0.223
F=1.765, P=0.053 F=2.666, P=0.003
Durbin-Watson’ d=2.215 Durbin-Watson’ d=2.218

estimates, standard error, variance inflation factor.

D: dummy variable (event).

Korean J Hosp Palliat Care 2020;23:27~38 https://doi.org/10.14475/kjhpc.2020.23.1.27
© Korean J Hosp Palliat Care