The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care

Differences in Spiritual Needs by Participants’ General Characteristics.

Characteristics Categories Patients (N=102) Family members (N=88)


M±SD P* M±SD P*
Age (yr) <50 155.40±33.30 0.725 152.29±21.00 0.243
50~59 145.50±26.85 168.76±18.73
60~69 151.52±25.08 159.31±28.77
≥70 150.88±25.04 161.64±23.32
Gender Male 148.40±28.04 0.420 159.14±23.70 0.899
Female 152.67±23.31 159.94±25.43
Marital status Never married 153.25±36.88 0.861 153.25±36.88 0.084
Married 148.90±25.37 148.90±25.37
Separated/divorced 154.85±21.20 154.85±21.20
Widowed/bereaved 148.83±25.31 148.83±25.31
Education ≤Middle school 153.86±26.37 0.497 149.89±29.98 0.074
≤High school 147.00±25.65 158.91±24.49
≥University 150.58±27.37 165.91±20.83
Relationship with patient Spouse/partner - - 158.97±29.18 0.928
Child - 160.15±21.46
Friend/neighbor - 176.00
Others - 159.80±21.58
Living status Home 149.59±26.49 0.336 - -
Facility 161.20±16.48 -
Perception of financial resources as sufficient Yes 159.88±26.14 0.093 - -
No 148.21±25.88 -
Religion No 139.02±25.03 <0.001 151.13±25.27 0.004
Yes (Christian, Buddhist, others) 159.67±23.37 166.30±22.73
The primary spiritual caregiver Family membera 149.75±26.37 0.503 154.19±25.73 <0.001
Healthcare provider (Nurse, Physician, others)b 150.71±24.00 151.93±17.49 a, b
Clergyc 158.40±24.03 179.22±19.90
Expected outcomes of the illness§ Will be cured 159.68±26.03 0.213 169.79±28.18 0.080
Will live for a long time 149.18±25.89 154.61±25.61
Will live for a short time and not be cured 150.54±28.01 162.69±18.88
Don’t know 140.15±23.92 152.23±18.29
Spiritual needs 150.16±26.16 159.75±24.89 -2.578 (0.011)

Analysis of Variance, t-test, Scheff test, §Excluding missing data (family=2).

Korean J Hosp Palliat Care 2020;23:27~38 https://doi.org/10.14475/kjhpc.2020.23.1.27
© Korean J Hosp Palliat Care