The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care

Sociodemographic and Disease-Related Characteristics of the Study Participants.

Characteristics Categories Patients (N=102) Family members (N=88) P*


N (%) or mean±SD N (%) or mean±SD
Sociodemographic characteristics
Age (yr) Years 63.61±12.50 57.09±13.74 0.001
<50 10 (9.8) 21 (23.9) 0.001
50~59 26 (25.5) 17 (19.3)
60~69 33 (32.4) 39 (44.3)
≥70 33 (32.4) 11 (12.5)
Gender Male 60 (58.8) 21 (23.9) <0.001
Female 42 (41.2) 67 (76.1)
Marital status Never married 12 (11.8) 15 (17.0) <0.001
Married 59 (57.8) 68 (77.3)
Separated/divorced 13 (12.7) 0 (0.0)
Widowed/bereaved 18 (17.6) 5 (5.7)
Education Middle school 37 (36.3) 19 (21.6) 0.003
High school 46 (45.1) 34 (38.6)
≥University 19 (18.6) 35 (39.8)
Relationship with patient Spouse/partner - 39 (44.3) -
Child - 33 (37.5)
Friend/neighbor - 1 (1.1)
Others - 15 (17)
Living status Home 97 (95.1) - -
Facility 5 (4.9) -
Perception of financial resources as sufficient Yes 17 (16.7) - -
No 85 (83.3) -
Religion No 47 (46.1) 38 (43.2) 0.770
Yes (Christian, Buddhist, others) 55 (53.9) 50 (56.8)
The primary spiritual caregiver Family member 61 (59.8) 49 (55.7) 0.001
Healthcare provider (nurse, physician) 18 (17.6) 18 (20.5)
Clergy 16 (15.7) 19 (21.6)
Disease-related characteristics
How distressed are you by your illness (10 scale) 5.77±2.78 6.80±2.55 0.009
Time spent on caregiving (per week) - 94.19±63.87 -
Duration of caregiving (mo) - 29.33±48.63 -
Expected outcomes of the illness Will be cured 19 (18.6) 24 (27.9) 0.262
Will live for a long time 57 (55.9) 36 (41.9)
Will live for a short time and not be cured 13 (12.7) 13 (15.1)
Don’t know 13 (12.7) 13 (15.1)

Chi-square test, t-test, Excluding missing data (family=2).

Korean J Hosp Palliat Care 2020;23:27~38 https://doi.org/10.14475/kjhpc.2020.23.1.27
© Korean J Hosp Palliat Care