The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care

Teaching and Leaning Experience per EoL Care Contents (N=622).

Domain* Contents Included in the curriculum (N=41) Learned from the lecture (N=622) Learned from the clinical practice (N=622)

n (%) n (%) n (%)
I • Communication skills to elicit the patient’s values, preferences, and beliefs 12 (29.3) 299 (48.1) 128 (20.6)
• Effective communication skills with inter-professional colleagues 32 (78.0) 429 (69.0) 268 (43.1)
• Listening skills 34 (82.9) 520 (83.6) 323 (51.9)
• Basic communication skill 36 (87.8) 482 (77.5) 294 (47.3)
II • Assessment and management of common symptoms experienced at the end of life 15 (36.6) 270 (43.4) 113 (18.2)
• Various approaches to common symptoms experienced at the end of life 19 (46.3) 262 (42.1) 100 (16.1)
• Discussion on myths and misconceptions about use of analgesics 26 (63.4) 377 (60.6) 176 (28.3)
• Discussion on safe use and misuse of opioid 29 (70.7) 355 (57.1) 149 (24.0)
• Standardized, valid tools to quantify and address all components of pain and symptom assessment 32 (78.0) 444 (71.4) 272 (43.7)
• Assessment and management of side effects of analgesics 32 (78.0) 415 (66.7) 239 (38.4)
• Principles of use of analgesics 34 (82.9) 455 (73.2) 266 (42.8)
• Comfort, including management of pain and suffering 35 (85.4) 487 (78.3) 280 (45.0)
III • Respect for the patient’s and family’s attitudes and values, and beliefs 15 (36.6) 414 (66.6) 153 (24.6)
• Care reflecting values and needs of seriously ill patient and their family 17 (41.5) 357 (57.4) 149 (24.0)
• Common ethical dilemmas that arise in caring for the seriously ill patients 26 (63.4) 450 (72.3) 144 (23.2)
• Relevant laws and regulations regarding withholding and withdrawing life sustaining treatment 29 (70.7) 374 (60.1) 118 (19.0)
• Nursing Code of Ethics relevant to providing care to the seriously ill patient and the family 35 (85.4) 503 (80.9) 203 (32.6)
IV • Creating organizational culture to ensure quality care and to prevent provider burnout 8 (19.5) 202 (32.5) 76 (12.2)
• Nursing research regarding end of life care 13 (31.7) 146 (23.5) 47 (7.6)
• Assisting the patient, family, colleagues, and oneself to cope with suffering, grief, and loss 14 (34.1) 341 (54.8) 124 (19.9)
• Collaboration with inter-professional team members in end of life care 16 (39.0) 306 (49.2) 162 (26.0)
• Nursing actions to foster patient-centered, family focused care across the illness trajectory 21 (51.2) 318 (51.1) 116 (18.6)
• Role of nurses in the field of end of life care 21 (51.2) 445 (71.5) 170 (27.3)
• Principles of hospice and palliative care 25 (61.0) 362 (58.2) 68 (10.9)
V • Cultural and spiritual consideration regarding death and dying in community level 11 (26.8) 243 (39.1) 84 (13.5)
• Assessing and managing psychological changes associated with serious illness 15 (36.6) 297 (47.7) 122 (19.6)
• Cultural and spiritual assessment skill 15 (36.6) 322 (51.8) 104 (16.7)
• Socioeconomic environment which affecting quality of life of seriously ill patients and their family 18 (43.9) 386 (62.1) 139 (22.3)
• Cultural and spiritual considerations in death and dying 23 (56.1) 423 (68.0) 124 (19.9)
VI • Care for the imminently dying patient and their family 19 (46.3) 401 (64.5) 160 (25.7)
• Provision of care for imminently dying patient, and bereavement care 22 (53.7) 236 (37.9) 86 (13.8)
VII • Recognizing influences of one’s values and beliefs on the care of seriously ill patients 16 (39.0) 343 (55.1) 116 (18.6)
• Recognizing one’s own attitudes and biases about persons living with chronic illness 18 (43.9) 347 (55.8) 145 (23.3)
• Self care as a professional caregiver 19 (46.3) 260 (41.8) 115 (18.5)
VIII • Community level interventions and support system for seriously ill patients 9 (22.0) 193 (31.0) 68 (10.9)
• The role of the nurse in home care for seriously ill patients 10 (24.4) 252 (40.5) 85 (13.7)
• Evaluation of community and public health interventions designed to improve end of life care 11 (26.8) 174 (28.0) 63 (10.1)
• Community level need assessment to influence end-of-life care 11 (26.8) 187 (30.1) 61 (9.8)
Domain I: Communication, II: Pain and symptom management, III: Legal and ethical practice in end of life care, IV: Introduction of End of Life care, V: Culturally sensitive social, psychological spiritual care, VI: Care for dying, VII: Self reflection, VIII: End of Life care in the Community.
EoL: End of life, M±SD: Mean±standard deviation.
Korean J Hosp Palliat Care 2019;22:174~184 https://doi.org/10.14475/kjhpc.2019.22.4.174
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