The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care

Different Roles of the 3 Major Facilities for Care of Chronic Patients in Korea.

Long-term care hospitals Hospice and palliative care facilities Long-term nursing homes
Statutory base Medical Service Act (Act no. 14438)* Act on Hospice and Palliative Care and Decisions on Life-sustaining Treatment for Patients at the End of Life (Act no. 14013)* Long-term Care Insurance Act (Act no. 14321)*
Recipients Patients with geriatric illness or chronic disease such as cancer and dementia or undergoing recovery after surgery or injury Cancer patients and non-cancer patients such as those with HIV/AIDS, COPD, and chronic liver cirrhosis at the terminal stage Older adults entitled to long-term care upon investigation for grading
Benefits Providing medical services and physical therapy for inpatients and outpatients Providing holistic intervention that includes pain and symptom management as well as mental, spiritual, and bereavement care Providing physical assistance or educational/training programs to maintain mental and physical functions
Insurance coverage Yes Yes Yes
Primary care provider Physicians, nurses, caregivers, and physical therapists Physicians, nurses, and social workers Long-term caregivers, nurses, and social workers
Source: [Internet]. Sejong: Korea Law Translation Center; c2019 [cited 2018 Nov 9]. Available from:
COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Korean J Hosp Palliat Care 2019;22:145~155
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