The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care

Difficulties Felt by ICU Nurses providing End-of-Life Care by General Characteristics (Quantitative) (N=106).

 CharacteristicsCategoriesn (%)Difficulties felt by ICU nurses (total)Limitation of ICU as a dying placeLack of resources of end-of-life carePsychological burden on the providing of end-of-life careThe difficulties of end-of-life care for patients and their familiesConflict on excessive treatment when a patient is in the end-of-life phase






M±DF/t (P)M±DF/t (P)M±DF/t (P)M±DF/t (P)M±DF/t (P)M±DF/t (P)
Marital statusSingle76 (71.7)3.41±0.480.01 (0.995)3.60±0.71-0.31 (0.758)3.52±0.62-1.35 (0.181)3.09±0.651.65 (0.103)3.47±0.431.03 (0.305)3.50±0.58-1.97 (0.052)
Married30 (28.3)3.41±0.383.64±0.643.70±0.612.87±0.563.37±0.493.74±0.57
 Child no 7 (6.6)3.29±0.45(0.413)*3.21±0.53(0.037)*3.74±0.69(0.962)*2.96±0.46(0.501)*3.29±0.63(0.631)*3.29±0.57(0.025)*
 Child yes23 (21.7)3.44±0.363.77±0.623.69±0.602.85±0.603.40±0.463.88±0.50
Age (yr)20~29(a)62 (58.5)3.42±0.411.54 (0.220)3.67±0.701.03 (0.361)3.50±0.641.94 (0.149)3.14±0.674.81 (0.010)3.46±0.451.70 (0.189)3.47±0.562.37 (0.099)
30~39(b)34 (32.1)3.45±0.373.47±0.743.74±0.572.99±0.51Scheffé a>c3.49±0.433.74±0.58
≥40(c)10 (9.4)3.21±0.353.73±0.403.43±0.622.50±0.503.20±0.483.60±0.68
Clinical experience in ICU (mo)≤12(a)11 (10.4)3.36±0.530.20 (0.897)3.46±0.910.20 (0.893)3.42±0.920.71 (0.551)3.42±0.622.02 (0.116)3.30±0.460.60 (0.617)3.18±0.593.54 (0.017)
13~36(b)22 (20.7)3.38±0.373.65±0.523.44±0.583.08±0.553.47±0.383.39±0.55Scheffé a
37~72(c)30 (28.3)3.45±0.413.67±0.813.62±0.543.03±0.773.51±0.513.63±0.52
≥73(d)43 (40.6)3.41±0.373.59±0.633.64±0.622.91±0.543.43±0.453.72±0.59
Work departmentAdult ICU87 (82.1)3.39±0.83-1.12 (0.267)3.66±0.631.44 (0.163)3.55±0.62-0.74 (0.461)2.96±0.61-2.70 (0.008)3.42±0.46-1.05 (0.299)3.57±0.590.22 (0.829)
Pediatric ICU19 (17.9)3.50±0.343.36±0.883.67±0.663.38±0.623.54±0.433.54±0.58
Job positionStaff nurse77 (72.6)3.40±0.40-0.55 (0.581)3.58±0.72-0.58 (0.561)3.56±0.63-0.39 (0.698)3.06±0.660.85 (0.397)3.43±0.47-0.69 (0.493)3.50±0.57-2.01 (0.047)
Unit manager29 (27.4)3.44±0.393.67±0.623.61±0.622.95±0.563.49±0.403.75±0.61
ReligionYes55 (51.9)3.39±0.42-0.64 (0.525)3.62±0.660.08 (0.937)3.56±0.67-0.28 (0.782)2.98±0.66-0.87 (0.384)3.41±0.47-0.72 (0.474)3.56±0.62-0.04 (0.965)
No51 (48.1)3.43±0.373.60±0.733.59±0.573.09±0.603.48±0.433.57±0.55
Previous end- of-life care experience (In recent month)No experience38 (35.8)3.39±0.35-0.42 (0.677)3.44±0.76-1.89 (0.061)3.54±0.59-3.31 (0.741)3.15±0.531.46 (0.147)3.42±0.35-0.49 (0.624)3.46±0.51-1.39 (0.167)
Experience68 (64.2)3.42±0.423.70±0.643.59±0.642.96±0.683.46±0.503.63±0.62
Previous education on end- of-life careNo experience65 (61.3)3.46±0.421.66 (0.100)3.63±0.750.34 (0.731)3.65±0.651.58 (0.117)3.09±0.701.17 (0.245)3.48±0.480.90 (0.371)3.63±0.581.44 (0.153)
Experience41 (38.7)3.33±0.353.58±0.603.45±0.572.94±0.513.39±0.413.46±0.60
Previous personal experience with lossNo experience17 (16.0)3.44±0.390.39 (0.695)3.87±0.701.70 (0.092)3.62±0.640.34 (0.736)2.97±0.76-0.46 (0.648)3.42±0.56-0.23 (0.818)3.63±0.490.51 (0.613)
Experience89 (84.0)3.40±0.403.60±0.683.56±0.623.04±0.613.45±0.433.55±0.60
Life satisfactionSatisfied49 (46.2)3.43±0.440.44 (0.647)3.61±0.700.03 (0.968)3.65±0.680.95 (0.389)3.05±0.681.39 (0.255)3.42±0.500.60 (0.552)3.58±0.610.37 (0.694)
Usual42 (39.6)3.37±0.363.62±0.683.54±0.512.94±0.653.43±0.423.52±0.57
Not satisfied15 (14.2)3.47±0.333.57±0.733.41±0.713.25±0.373.56±0.383.67±0.56

non parametric test (Mann-Whitney U test).

ICU: Intensive Care Unit.

Korean J Hosp Palliat Care 2019;22:87~99 https://doi.org/10.14475/kjhpc.2019.22.2.87
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